Monday, August 23, 2010

Conversation : How to Confirming your Flight :


Confirming your Flight :

If you are taking a plane to travel, then you will be calling a travel agent and purchasing a ticket in your own country.We will not  cover this portion because you can do it in your own language.country. But once you arrive to your English speaking location, you might need to change your flight and talk to English speaking people. More likely, they will have people speaking your language, but just in case, we will cover some general topics about air traveling here.

Confirming your flight :

Some airlines require you to call a couple days in advance to confirm your departure date. Here are some sentences you will be asked and what you will need to say.

You: "I would like to confirm my flight."
Them: "Can I get your ticket number?"
You: "The number is 45-6-43."
Them: "You are scheduled to depart on June 15th at 1:00 pm. Is this correct?"
You: "Yes it is."
Them: "Is anybody else traveling with you?"
You: "Yes, my wife."
Them: "Can I have the other ticket number?"
You: "It is 45-6-44."
Them: "Your tickets have been confirmed. Please arrive at the airport 3 hours before your flight departs. Thank you for calling."

Some other questions you might hear are similar to the ones you might hear at the airport counter.

"Would you like to book your seats now?"
"Would you like a window seat or an aisle seat?"

"What is your ticket number?"
"What is your last name?"
"What is your first name?"

Saturday, August 21, 2010

OXFORD BUSINESS ENGLISH DICTIONARY FOR LEARNERS OF ENGLISH


OXFORD BUSINESS ENGLISH DICTIONARY FOR LEARNERS OF ENGLISH

Oxford Business English Dictionary for learners of English is a new up -to-date Business English dictionary, that gives learners all the help and information they need to do business in English. A dictionary designed for learners who need to understand, speak, read and write English for business.Key features of Oxford English Dictionary: Vocabulary from the main areas of business, including: accounting,banking, computing, finance, import and export, international trade,law, management, sales, shipping and the stock exchange. Clear explanations of over 4,000 business words and phrases that are easy to understand but contain enough detail to make them useful for both students of business and experienced business people.

Specially designed for quick and easy access. On the left-hand side of every page there are definitions and examples of words or phrases; on the right there is a separate language information column containing abbreviations, pronunciation, collocations (words commonly used with the headword), American variants, and notes on grammar and usage. Over5,000 authentic examples, invaluable in helping learners with the English needed in real business situations. Many are based on the British National Corpus.Comprehensive cross-reference system leading learners to information about related words and helping with vocabulary building.

Oxford Business English Dictionary for Learners of English Download Here :

PART 1


PART 2

Thursday, August 19, 2010

Problems in Learning English and How to Improve Them


Are you having difficulty learning English? Are you saying to yourself “If only I could learn English better, I could do so much more.”? If you are answering yes to these questions, I’m sure you’re wondering how you can do that. In this article, I would like to explain some problems many English learners face, and ways to improve your English that are simple and can be fun at the same time.

Problems in Learning English :

Poor English Vocabulary

Vocabulary is important when learning a language. Any language, of course including English, has thousands and thousands of words. In many cases, even those native speakers of the language do not know all the words of that language. there are just too many to learn. In fact, according to many sources I have come across, there are only 800 words that you must know to converse in English. That list is too long to display here, but a good start is to read through that list and see how many words you know. You may surprise yourself in the amount of words you are familiar with. I have posted a vocabulary list on World English Club, and you can go to it and use our English vocabulary learning method described below. Another problem people face in learning English vocabulary is that they learn new words, but they tend to forget what they have learned quite soon after the just learned them. So what can you do?

How to Improve your English Vocabulary :

There are games to play and methods to learn to improve your English vocabulary. The best simple method I want to suggest is this; just make a list. Now there is more to it than just making a list, so keep reading. Once a week, make a list of twenty five words using the World English Club Vocab lists, or choose words from other popular websites. As you are compiling (or making) your list, make sure to write down the definitions if you are unsure of them at the time. Do your best to study and learn these new words. Now break the list down into five words a day. On your first day, study your first five words. On your second day, study your next five words. Now here’s the trick; after your second day of your five vocab words, try to write down yesterday’s words. On your third day, study day three’s words, and then try to remember and write down day two’s vocab words. Are you seeing a pattern yet? I hope so. Do this for five days, and on your sixth day of vocabulary learning, try to write all your vocab words for the last week. Take your time, and do your best. When you are done, review those words and see what you remember. If you use the method above, I guarantee you will improve your english vocabulary and not forget the words you have learned.

Poor English Speaking Skills :

One of the biggest complaints I hear about when one is learning a new language, is their inability to communicate successfully. Whether it is an issue with reducing their accent, or not knowing the vocabulary or grammar to create a decent conversation, many people struggle with poor speaking skills. People assume that learning grammar in a classroom or studying vocabulary words will help them speak a english as a language. But those factors only gain you knowledge of the English language and cannot translate into real conversational English skills. Are you having problems with English speaking skills? Here are ways to improve your English speaking skills.

How to improve your English Speaking Skills :

Have you tried to watch a movie in English? I’m sure you have. It is one of the easiest things to do while studying and learning english. But what is it about watching movies that is a good idea? I’ll tell you; it’s hearing the words spoken out loud. So there is one thing that I’m sure you haven’t thought of to mirror this learning effect, but it will make a bigger and better improvement on learning English speaking skills. Read a book. Well, it doesn’t have to be a book, but it needs to be in English. Now here’s the trick; As you are reading this book, read it OUT LOUD. Yes, it is as simple as that. Reading out loud will let you hear your English and at the same time, help you gain more confidence in speaking English. It does not have to be for a very long time. But you should read out loud for at least five minutes a day. Do not give up on this. I think this is an important method to practice and not enough people practice in this manner. Make sure you are pronouncing your words, and if you have to read slowly, that’s ok as well. The point is that you are speaking out loud and practicing speaking English. Since many English learners do not have the opportunity to interact with native English speakers, this is one of the best methods to help improve your english speaking skills. Which brings me to my final learning English problem.

Not enough interaction with English speakers :

Not being able to have interaction with native english speakers can be a great hindrance on one who is learning English. But there are many things you can do to help improve your interaction with native english speakers, or at least to simulate this experience. Which, let’s face it, is probably the most important part of learning a new language. Interaction. So here are some things you can do.

As you all are aware, watching movies is a good idea. You can learn slang words and, if you are interested in learning to speak like an American, there are a lot of colloquialisms and Americanisms (as I like to call them) that are difficult to learn about simply by reading. to learn colloquialisms, a person must hear the words and phrases in context. So by watching movies, there can be no way in which you, as a learner, can mistake or misunderstand the meaning of  words or phrases.

One way (and I think this is the best way) that many English learners do not think of, is finding an native English speaker in a chat room or English learning website and chat with them via Skype or other internet voice service. There are plenty of people who would love to just talk with you over the phone or internet to help you learn. Or maybe you can offer to teach them a little of your language in return. That way everybody gains something from the experience. If you are in a country or city where you do not have the opportunity to find a native english speaking friend, chatting on the phone or internet is the next best thing.

If you are lucky enough to know an english speaker that you can meet with (and it should be someone you are comfortable with so as you are trying to speak, you will not be shy), try to meet them in a comfortable place that you can hear each other speak and just spend about an hour talking about any topic that comes to mind. You can also plan some topics to talk about so you don’t waste your time thinking of things to say. Maybe write down questions you have or have them ask YOU questions so you can practice answering them.

There are plenty of other problems in Learning English but I think these are the three main reasons. I guarantee that if you know these pitfalls and know how to avoid them, every aspect of your English learning will be improved. And you will be a native English speaker in no time. Good Luck.

Monday, August 16, 2010

Thanks and Thank you , Saying Please :

English speaking - Lessons :  
Thank you is more formal than Thanks.

  • Thank you. (NOT Thanks you.)
  • Thanks a lot. (NOT Thank you a lot.)
  • Thank you very much.
  • Thanks very much.
  • Thank God it’s Friday. (NOT Thanks God …)
  • Thank you very much indeed. (BUT NOT Thank you indeed.)
Thank you for/ thanks for can be followed by an –ing form.

    * Thank you for coming.
    * Thanks for everything.

We often use Thank you/Thanks to accept offers.

    * ‘Would you like some coffee?’ ‘Thank you.’

To refuse an offer, you can say No thank you/ No thanks.

    * ‘Another cake?’ ‘No, thanks. I have eaten too many already.’

Replies to Thanks

British people, do not usually answer when they are thanked for small things.If a reply is a necessary, we can say Not at all (formal), You are welcome, Don’t mention it, That’s quite all right or That’s OK (informal).

    * ‘Here is your coat.’ ‘Thanks.’ (no answer)
    * ‘Thanks so much for looking after the children.’ ‘That’s all right.’ (answer necessary)

Saying Please :

We use please to make a request more polite.
  • Would you move a bit, please?
  • Could you open the window, please?
  • Would you like some help?’ ‘Yes, please.’
Please do is a rather formal answer to a request for permission.
  • ‘Do you mind if I open the window?’ ‘Please do.’
Situations where please is not used

We do not use please to ask people what they have said.
  •  ‘I have got a bit of a headache.’ ‘I beg your pardon?’ (NOT … Please?)
  •  ‘John is on the phone.’ ‘Sorry?’ (NOT …Please?)
Please is not used as an answer to Thank you.

    * ‘Thanks a lot.’ ‘That’s OK.’ (NOT … ‘Please.’)

Sunday, August 15, 2010

How to succeed in interviews? Interviewing technique


As no interviews are completely predictable, there is no magic formula which you can follow. However, if you plan and prepare carefully, your chances of getting the job will be high. The information given here is designed to help all job seekers.

Preparing for the interview :

What are you going to be interviewed for? It is essential that you have a clear idea of what the job entails. Read the advertisement carefully. Then look at the demands of the job itself. How is the job described? Is that what you want? Look at exactly what the job demands and what other things are implied. Have you got the right qualifications and experience? Are you overqualified? Will training be given? There may be qualifications or experiences which are essential, or you may be able to make a case for lack of qualifications being balanced by relevant work experience or vice versa.

Once you have decided to apply for the post, find out all you can about the organization and make the application. You may need to obtain guidance on this, if you cannot do this own your own. Getting it right at this stage may mean the difference between being invited for an interview and an immediate rejection. Keep a copy of the original advertisement and your application so that you can refresh your memory before you go to the interview.

Work out your strengths and weaknesses :

Work out your strengths and weaknesses before making the application. Strengths and weaknesses should be assessed in the light of the demands of your chosen job or career. If you haven’t already thought this through and you really aren’t qualified or experienced enough for the posts you apply for, your moral will crash with the subsequent rejection letters. You must establish a through knowledge of your plus points in relation to each company. You must consider your potential weaknesses too. Be realistic – nobody expects you be to be perfect, but balance is essential. There may be ways you can show your weaknesses in a positive light, so do this as long as you won’t seem too clever or arrogant.

Interviewing technique :


A good interviewer will treat you politely, will ensure that you will be free from interruptions and noise, and that you have been put at your ease before the actual interview begins. Often you will be asked about your journey or the weather at the beginning.

A good interviewer will test you through his/her questions to see if you are able to do the job, and will also give you information about the job. It is important for the company that even if you do not get the post, you should not go away from the interview feeling unfairly treated. You should listen well while they are talking, stay looking attentive and when answering ask if you can add anything if you are not sure whether to keep talking.

Once the interview begins the interviewer may either start by telling you more about the job and the company or may ask you questions first, and then give you details of what the job entails. The interviewer will probably take notes; do not be put off by this. Most interviewers will jot down a few reminders of the things that you have said so that they can remember all the facts later and make an informed judgment on which candidate to appoint. It is in your interests that they write rather than forget you. Don’t make the mistake of trying to see what the interviewer writes; it probably won’t help you and it will destroy your concentration on what you are saying.

The questions themselves can be asked in a variety of ways. A good interviewer will link the questions well and the conversation will flow as one question leads naturally on from another. Most interviewers will try to ask all the candidates the same sorts of questions so that they have a basis for comparison, whilst still leaving them enough flexibility to probe areas of possible weakness.

Create a good impression


Interviewers often assess individuals very quickly as they enter the room. Typically they have analyzed the candidate in about four minutes, which means that your first four minutes are very important. However, there is room to redeem yourself – the last few minutes and the way you depart from the interview are also very important. The memories of first impressions and last impressions count. So try to keep back your weaknesses till the middle of the interview.

The interviewer will need to see what kind of a person you are and whether you will fit in with the organization be happy there. You will be showing them what kind of person you are by every answer you give to each question. Your likes and dislikes may reveal your motivation too. Although you might think that your happiness is of no importance to the interviewer, remember that if you are content, you won’t interrupt others and will probably stay with the company longer. No one wants to employ someone who is permanently miserable or moaning.

Friday, August 13, 2010

English Vocabulary : 100 Opposite words And 75 One word Substitutes You Must Know


1 Ability x inability
2. Happy x unhappy
3. Import x export
4. Interior x exterior
5. Maximum x minimum
6. Include x exclude
7. Junior x senior
8. Above x below
9. Majority x minority
10. Optimist x pessimist
11. Superior x inferior
12. Accept x refuse
13. Civilized x uncivilized/savage/barbaric
14. Big x small
15. Acquire x lose
16. Ancient x modern
17. Agree x disagree
18. Alive x dead
19. Barren x fertile
20. Admire x despise
21. Blunt x sharp
22. Bold x timid
23. Bright x dim
24. Broad x narrow
25. Care x neglect
26. Confess x deny
27. Cool x warm
28. Broad x narrow
29. Bold x timid
30. Clean x dirty
31. Cruel x kind
32. Domestic x wild
33. Difficult x easy
34. Dangerous x safe
35. Dark x bright
36. Death x birth
37. Debit x credit
38. Early x late
39. Earn x spend
40. Empty x full
41. False x true
42. Guilty x innocent
43. Fine x coarse
44. Freedom x slavery
45. Fat x thin
46. Foolish x wise
47. Fresh x stale
48. Fear x courage
49. Guilty x innocent
50. Gain x loss
51. Good x bad
52. High x low
53. Humble x proud/arrogant
54. Honour x dishonour
55. Joy x sorrow
56. Knowledge x ignorance
57. Kind x cruel
58. Lie x truth
59. Little x much
60. Masculine x feminine
61. Make x mar/break
62. Natural x artificial
63. Noise x silence
64. Oral x written
65. Pride/arrogance x humility
66. Permanent x temporary
67. Presence x absence
68. Profit x loss
69. Prose x poetry
70. Quick x slow
71. Receive x give
72. Reject x accept
73. Ripe x raw
74. Rough x smooth
75. Remember x forget
76. Rich x poor
77. Sharp x dull
78. Tragedy x comedy
79. General x particular
80. Victory x defeat
81. Wild x domestic/tame
82. Weak x strong
83. Wisdom x folly
84. Youth x aged
85. Give x take
86. Laugh x cry
87. Smile x frown
88. Buy x sell
89. Here x there
90. This x that
91. Never x always
92. Stop x start
93. Wrong x right
94. Tight x loose
95. Love x hate
96. Throw x catch
97. Yes x no
98. Forward x backward
99. Stand x sit
100. Lost x found

75 One word Substitutes You Must Know :


One word may often express the idea of a phrase. Here is a collection of 75 one word substitutes you should know.

Abdicate – To give up a throne voluntarily 

Autobiography – Life story of a man written by himself. 

Aggressor – A person who attacks first

Amateur – One who pursues some art or sport as hobby

Arbitrator – A person appointed by parties to settle the disputes between them

Adolescence – The period between childhood and adulthood

Bibliophile – A great lover of books

Botany – The branch of biology dealing with plant life

Bilingual – A person who speaks two languages

Catalogue – A list of books

Centenary – Celebration of a hundredth year, once –a-century

Colleague – A co-worker or a fellow-worker in the same institution

Contemporaries – Persons living in the same age

Credulous – A person who readily believes whatever is told to him/her.

Callous – A man devoid of kind feeling and sympathy

Cosmopolitan – A man with a broad and international outlook

Celibacy – Abstinence from sex

Deteriorate – To go from bad to worse

Democracy – Government of the people, for the people, by the people

Monarchy – A political system in which a state is ruled by one person

Draw – A game in which neither party wins

Egotist – A person who always thinks of himself; somebody who is selfish or self-centered

Epidemic – A contagious disease which spreads over a huge area

Extempore – A speech or a presentation made without previous preparation

Etiquette – Established rules of conduct; rules of acceptable behavior

Epicure – Somebody who has refined taste for food; somebody who loves sensual pleasure and luxury


Exonerate – Free somebody from blame or guilt; free somebody from an obligation


Eradicate – Destroy or get rid of something completely; root out an evil or bad practice


Fastidious – A person difficult to please


Fatalist – A person who believes that all events are pre-determined


Honorary – A post which doesn’t carry any salary


Illegal – That which is against law


Illiterate – A person who cannot read or write


Hostility – Intense aggression or anger; state of antagonism


Incorrigible – Impossible to change


Irritable – A man who is easily irritated


Irrelevant – Not applicable


Invisible – That which cannot be seen


Inaudible – That which cannot be heard


Incredible – That which cannot be believed


Impracticable – That which cannot be practiced


Invincible – That which cannot be conquered


Indispensable – Something that is essential and cannot be dispensed with


Inevitable – That which cannot be avoided


Irrevocable – That which cannot be changed


Illicit – That which is considered wrong or unacceptable by prevailing social standards


Insoluble – Incapable of being dissolved in a liquid


Inflammable – Something that quickly catches fire


Infanticide – The act of killing an infant


Matricide – Killing of one’s own mother; killer of one’s own mother


Patricide – Killing of one’s own father; killer of one’s own father


Kidnap - To take somebody away by force and hold him or her prisoner, usually for ransom

Medieval – Belonging to the Middle Ages

Matinee – A cinema show which is held in the afternoon

Notorious – A person with an evil reputation

Manuscript – Handwritten book

Namesake – Somebody or something with the same name as somebody or something else

Novice – One who is new to a trade or profession

Omnipotent – All-powerful; possessing complete power and authority

Omnipresent – One who is present everywhere

Optimist – One who looks at the bright side of things; somebody positive

Panacea – A supposed cure for all diseases or problems

Polyandry – The custom of having more than one husband at a time

Polygamy – The custom of having more than one wife at a time

Postmortem – Medical examination of a dead body

Pessimist – Very negative person; somebody who always expects the worst to happen

Postscript – A short message added on to the end of a letter after the signature

Synonyms – Words which have the same meaning

Smuggler – A person who imports or exports goods into or from a country secretly because they are illegal or in order to avoid paying duty on them

Vegetarian – Somebody who doesn’t eat meat or fish

Venial – A pardonable offense

Veteran – Somebody who is considerably experienced in something

Zoology – The branch of biology dealing with the study of animals

Monday, August 9, 2010

07 formulas ebook The most powerful formulas to learn English


If you want to Learn English without putting any effort. If you want to speak English like native English speakers,then we brings its 7 most powerful formulas for learning English easily and automatically. No more grammar books and vocabulary lists and boring conversation classes. Grammar hurts your speaking, it makes you think while speaking by which you can not speak English fast.Good speaking comes from good listening. You can download 7 Formulas e-book for free. 7 formulas of English learning you will be able to speak English without stopping,without thinking, without translating your mother language into English before speaking... It will teach you deep learning. It will make you think in English so you will be able to speak  fluently, like you speak your first language. We promises to all English learners to make them speak English like native speakers and they will be able to understand native speakers as well. As this 7 formulas e-book is totally free, so we are just asking you for a favour. We want you to distribute this 7 formulas e-book in all your friends, relatives and collegues, because we want every ESL learner to speak English fluently :)



Saturday, August 7, 2010

Cover Letter Writing Tips

Cover letter writing tips

When applying for a job, a cover letter should be sent with your resume. Your cover letter should be specific to the position you are applying for, relating your skills and experience to those noted in the job posting. An effective cover letter should tell the employer why you are writing, why you are the best person for the job, and when you will contact him or her.


Cover letters do more than just introduce you and your resume to potential employers. They let you go in-depth about important experiences/skills and relate them to job requirements. They show the employer that you are individualizing this job application. They also provide a sample of your written communication skills. This article gives some valuable tips to guide you throughout the writing of your cover letter.

Cover letter: structure

There are four basic parts to a cover letter: heading, introduction, body, and a closing. Here are some tips on what to include in each section.

Heading

Provide your contact information here. Include the date. Also include the address of the company.

Introduction

Greet the specific person you address the letter to. If you don’t know his/her name, write Dear Sir/Madam. State the position you are applying for and where you heard about it. State why you believe you are the right candidate. Mention 2-3 key qualifications that you will address in the rest of the letter. You can name drop if you have a good connection, but don’t forget that some employers detest this practice.

Body

In the body of your cover letter you have to mention specifically how your qualifications match the job you are applying for.Focus each paragraph on one qualification. Give specific examples to prove where you got these skills and how you have used them before. Refer to your resume, don’t repeat it. Tell a story; do not just list your skills. Do not use contractions.

Closing

Close with a strong reminder of why you are a good candidate. Conclude your cover letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow-up.

Cover letter examples, Cover letter format,Cover letter writing tips,Cover letter for job application

Monday, August 2, 2010

How to Conversation a Reservation in English

Taking a Reservation :
 Front Desk Receptionist
  • Enterprise Hotels, Lise speaking. How can I help you?
  • What date are you looking for?
  • How long will you be staying?
  • How many adults will be in the room?
  • I'm afraid we are booked that weekend.
  • There are only a few vacancies left.
  • We advise that you book in advance during peak season.
  • Will two double beds be enough?
  • Do you want a smoking or non-smoking room?
  • The dining room is open from 4 pm until 10 pm.
  • We have an indoor swimming pool and sauna.
  • We serve a continental breakfast.
  • Cable television is included, but the movie channel is extra.
  • Take Exit 8 off the highway and you'll see us a few kilometers up on the left hand side.
  • The rate I can give you is 99.54 with tax.
  • We require a credit card number for a deposit.
Guest :
  • I'd like to make a reservation for next week.
  • Is it necessary to book ahead?
  • Do you charge extra for two beds?
  • How much is it for a cot?
  • Do you offer free breakfast?
  • Is there a restaurant in the hotel?
  • Do the rooms have refrigerators?
  • Do you do group bookings?
  • Is there an outdoor pool?
  • Do you have any cheaper rooms?
  • When is it considered off- season?
Sample Conversation :


Receptionist:    Thanks for calling Quality Inn. Morine speaking.
Caller:    Hello. I'm interested in booking a room for the September long weekend.
Receptionist:    I'm afraid we're totally booked for that weekend. There's a convention in town and we're the closest hotel to the convention centre.
Caller:    Oh, I didn't realize. Well what about the weekend after that?
Receptionist:    So... Friday the seventeenth?
Caller:    Yes. Friday and Saturday.
Receptionist:    It looks like we have a few vacancies left. We recommend that you make a reservation, though. It's still considered peak season then.
Caller:    Okay. Do you have any rooms with two double beds? We're a family of four.
Receptionist:    Yes, all of our rooms have two double beds. The rate for that weekend is $129 dollars a night.
Caller:    That's reasonable. And do you have cots? One of my daughters might be bringing a friend.
Receptionist:    We do, but we also charge ab extra ten dollars per person for any family with over four people. The cot is free.
Caller:    Okay, but I'm not positive if she is coming. Can we pay when we arrive?
Receptionist: 
   Yes, but we do require a fifty dollar credit card deposit to hold the room. You can cancel up to five days in advance and we will refund your deposit.
Caller:    Great, I'll call you right back. I have to find my husband's credit card.
Receptionist:    Okay. Oh, and just to let you know...our outdoor pool will be closed, but our indoor pool is open.
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