Official letters are written for a variety of reasons - for example, to provide information, to apply, to recommend someone or something to complain about to apologize and others.
Informal letters are written for similar reasons, but usually are written for people who know.
The main difference between formal and informal letters is the language you use. In all cases, it is important that the style of the letter is suitable for the purpose reader.
Letter must Include:
Introduction, in which the reason for writing is clearly indicated. In official letters, it is often necessary to specify who you are.
The main body where the task. Each different question should be discussed in a separate paragraph. Usually starts each major section of the body of the topic sentence. Examples and / or explanations are then added to the acquittal.
Finally, to reiterate the main points have the letter and / or public opinion. For official letters, any action you want taken should be clearly stated at the end of the letter. In official letters, usually ends by sending your wishes and maybe someone else wants to write back.
Formal and Informal style
How formal letter should be depends on the reader's purpose and reason for writing. It is very important to maintain the same level of formality throughout your letter (in other words, should not be mixed with many formal expressions informal). Study the guidelines.
Formal styles include:
More frequent use of the passive voice
Complex grammatical constructions
Official connecting devices
Informal style include:
Colloquial (spoken) and idiomatic English
Personally tones / direct address
Less frequent use of the passive voice
Less complex grammar
Less advanced vocabulary
Early stages and Endings
Keep in mind that the formal letters start and end with either.
Dear Sir/Madam, -> Yours faithfully OR
Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms Johan, -> Yours sincerely,
All formal letters begin with the reason for writing - e.g. I am waiting to request. /inform you. /complain about. /apologise for. /apply for. /etc.
In addition, you can comprise one or more of the following:
who you are - e.g. I am writing on behalf of my English class.
A reference to something you have seen or read - e.g. I am writing in response to your article in last Tuesday's issue of Education News.
Details of place, time, people spoken to, e.g.. While I was attending the seminars for students on 6th June.
Depending on the reason for writing, letters can end with one or more of the following:
A summary of the main body
A reiteration of the reason for writing
A reference to future action
And expression of thanks
Informal letters typically start and end with first names in the following way.
Dear Johan, ->Lots of love, Suzain
Dear Margaret, -> Take care and write soon, Bill
Informal letters can begin with the reason for writing,
E.g. I thought I would write to let you know about this fantastic new course that's being offered.
Alternatively, they can begin with an informal greeting,
E.g.: How are you doing?
The closing comment depends on the content of the letter - e.g. write soon and let me know what you think. /Why don't you give a try? /etc.